Mechanical watches have been around since the 15th century. Before the quartz revolution in the 1970s, all watches were mechanical. Early watches were very imprecise. A good day could vary by as much as 15 minutes. It wasn’t until 1760 that John Harrison created his marine chronometer, and in 1854, the Waltham Watch Company industrialized the movement manufacturing process, making greater precision possible.
A mechanical watch is a watch that uses a winding mechanism to measure the passage of time and is usually divided into two types: hand-wound and self-winding. Both types of mechanical watches are powered by the clockwork in the movement, which drives the gears and thus the hands, but the way in which the power comes from them differs. Hand-wound mechanical watches rely on manual winding for power, and the thickness of the movement is thinner than that of self-winding watches, which makes the watch lighter in weight. A self-winding watch, on the other hand, uses the automatic rotating disc of the movement to swing from side to side to generate power to drive the winding, but the thickness of a manually wound watch is relatively smaller than that of a self-winding watch. Its force is transmitted through a series of gears to the balance wheel, a weighted wheel that oscillates back and forth at a constant rate. A device called an escapement releases the watch’s wheel so that it moves forward a small amount with each oscillation of the balance wheel, thus allowing the watch’s hands to move forward at a constant rate. The escapement is the reason for the “ticking” sound that mechanical watches make when they run.
As a precision mechanical timekeeping instrument and a decorative item, a mechanical watch must be practical and decorative at the same time. A good quality watch is accurate, easy to use, fine craftsmanship, beautiful appearance, fully wound for more than 36 hours, durable, some watches also have waterproof, shockproof, anti-magnetic properties. Mechanical watches are now mostly high-end products, purchased for their aesthetic and luxury value, to appreciate their exquisite craftsmanship or as a status symbol.
Famous mechanical watch brands:
Rolex, the top watch brand, has been a superlative symbol of performance and prestige for over a century. Rolex is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, and has 28 branches worldwide. Through more than 4,000 watchmakers in more than 100 countries, Rolex continues to perpetuate its long history of achievement and innovation.
Founded in Saint-Imier, Switzerland, in 1832, Longines has been a pioneer in the world of watchmaking technology without losing its elegance.
In 1912, Longines created a historic moment at the World Games when it pioneered the principle of breaking the wire to start and stop the timing at the start and finish of the race. Since then, Longines has been the official timekeeper of many international events, including several Winter and Summer Olympic Games.
Longines also has a close relationship with aviation and maritime history. For example, Longines calculates the time of the first personal flight across the Atlantic Ocean for the aviator Lindbergh, and later creates the Hour angle navigation watch based on Lindbergh’s design. Always at the forefront of technological development, Longines announces the manufacture of its first wristwatch in 1905, the world’s thinnest electromagnetic watch in 1960 and the world’s first electromagnetic quartz watch, the Longines Ultra-Quartz, in 1969. The following year, at the Downhill Skiing World Cup in St. Moritz, Switzerland, Longines displays the time electronically for the first time on world television by means of a digital signal transmitter. ‘Or’ watch, the world’s thinnest quartz watch, followed in 1984 by the famous Conquest watch with its Very High Precision movement.
The omega’s picture with an OMEGA watch represents achievement and perfection. The name OMEGA, famous in both watchmaking and advertising, comes from the Greek letters (omega) and has been a favorite among discerning people since 1848. OMEGA has been the standard timekeeper in world-class events such as sailing, athletics and swimming, and is a frequent sponsor of European golf tournaments and has been the official timekeeper of the Olympic Games on thirty-one occasions.
Founded in 1853, the Tissot brand joined the Swatch Group, the world’s largest watch manufacturer and distributor, in 1983. In 1853, Tissot was born in a small Swiss town of 8,500 inhabitants in the Jura Mountains on the border with France. Today, Tissot has crossed five continents and has won the admiration of watch lovers in over 150 countries. The serious, unexaggerated, yet textured style that Tissot has adopted for 150 years is just as enduring as its craftsmanship and design, which is recognized by all customers around the world.